5 Common Lake Problems and the Solutions for Each

A lake or a pond counts as one of the most complex ecosystems in the world. Their maintenance varies, with the health largely dependent on the care provided. Maintenance choices include milfoil removal solutions for local municipalities. It’s also important to pay attention to the surrounding areas for pollution contributors. It’s a tough job, and requires attention to the smallest of details.

1. Algae

Algae blooms are common in lakes, and also considered one of the biggest problems. They look bad, and can really disrupt the appearance of a lake or pond. Besides the aesthetics, algae are known for having toxins. When your water turns green or blue-green, there is a good chance that algae has made the lake its new home. The three most common types of algae are filamentous, planktonic and macrophytic. Getting rid of it before an infestation is always the best maintenance option.

2. Fish Population

Fish populations that get out of control don’t happen overnight. The good news is that you can see it happening over time and correct the problem. On its own, a large fish population won’t disrupt your pond. It becomes a problem when the water living conditions are below the standard needed to keep fish alive. A large population of dead fish leads to a smelly, dismal looking lake. Cleaning this up is a lot more difficult than an algae problem.

3. Freshwater Quality

The quality of your water will impact everything in the surrounding area. Measuring a waters E. coli level is always a good idea at regular intervals. Anything in excess of 235 colony forming units in a measured 100 milliliters of water is considered cause for alarm. Water quality is something you always want to watch out for if the lake is used for swimming or fishing. Zoning specific areas off for different activities is a helpful tip, and is good practice for large bodies of water.

4. Milfoil

Watermilfoils are aquatic plants that live in streams and lakes. There are multiple varieties of naturally occurring milfoil. As a plant species, it is harmless on its own. However, non-native milfoil is a problem that spreads quickly and can destroy biodiversity. The impact of an invasion is enough to completely change the life of a lake or pond. The removal of milfoil is not an easy process, and usually requires the service of professionals. When removed incorrectly, it will cause the plant to spread into deeper parts of the water.

5. Cold Temperatures

When your lake freezes, it opens the door to brand new problems. Frozen water reduces the oxygen level while simultaneously creating toxic gas. This is bad for fish, and can lead to some really unpleasant surprises when the weather returns to normal. There are ways to prevent the water from freezing over, including the option of installing a de-icer. Depending on the size of the lake, some options will be more expensive than others.

Wrap Up

Your water quality will degrade over time without proper care. Before pollution becomes too hard to clean up, take care of a lake. It’s less work for the professionals, and more money in your pocket.

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